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Transportation in Australia



 
The transportation in Australia is highly commendable as the country possesses a very strong infrastructural network that plays a very strong role in connecting the far-flung places on this arid continent which is very sparsely populated. The transportation in Australia is exceedingly well developed because the various destinations on the surface of the country are located at quite some distance from each other and without good roads, rail or air connectivity it would be quite impossible to reach some of the remotest interiors of Australia like the outland. Australia's most commendable road transportation systems are its railways and rail service is provided by various rail transportation networks across the country. Some of the railway transportation network services are the Great Southern Railway, V/Line, RailCorp, Queensland Rail and Transwa. A special mining railway is available across Western Australia and to serve the sugar mills of special Cane railways operate in the region. The Australian Highway System serves the regions in rural Australia and are sub-divided into 3 different categories; the Federal highways, the State highways and the local roads. This highway transportation in Australia is highly efficient, which is further proved by the fact that traveling to the remote, uninhabited areas of Australia would not have been possible because not only are the regions dry, but they area also mostly uninhabited. Australian roads contribute the highest to the transportation sector of Australia, covering almost 913,000 kilometers of land area. Amongst these roads nearly 13,630 kilometers of roads are expressways, of which 353,331 kilometers of roads are paved while 559,669 kilometers of road expanse are unpaved. However, the expanses of unpaved roads are gradually on the decline as the country is once again witnessing a major revival in its infrastructural set-up. The railways were the first fully developed transportation system in the country, owing its origin to the colonial times when standard gauge, broad gauge and narrow gauge railway was started. The railways were the first form of transportation that joined the various colonies across the continent. Initially railway services across Australia were provided by private companies, it was only later on that the British government took up the initiative of providing rail transportation across the country, later on these rail systems would establish themselves as the backbone of the Australian infrastructural network. The rail services provided by the Great southern railway include 3 trains that serve to interconnect the whole of southern Australia. Standard gauge rails connect all places that lie across the Australian mainland. For intra-state transportation, Australian citizens are provided with numerous rail and bus connectivity, among these the most commendable and efficient services are provided by V/Line. Air transportation to Australia and within the country is very flexible because the country is a very good tourist destination and thus has several flight companies providing direct and connecting flight to the main cities of the country. Quantas is a very efficient company that provides direct flights into Australia from major cities across the world. They offer economy as well as business class services, while Virgin Blue is a low-budget carrier that is ideal for inter-state traveling within Australia.
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