The first human settlement in Australia started about 42,000 years ago and these people were the fore-fathers of the Aboriginal Australians. The first European discovery of the Australian mainland was made by Willem Janszoon, a Dutch navigator in 1606. The Indigenous population decreased because of disease and re-settlement. Most of the Australian cities saw a great boom as a result of the gold rush in the 1850’s. These gold rushes brought about a lot of economic prosperity to the entire region.
Australia comprises of six states, two mainland territories and other minor territories. Most of the Australian cities were developed in and around the 19th and 20th centuries and so they resemble more of the North American settlements rather than the European ones. Most of the Australian cities have a higher rate of urbanisation and as a result most of the people live in urban cities rather than small towns. Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide are some of the most populous Australian cities.
Sine Australia is divided by the tropic of Capricorn, much of Australia lies close to the equator. As a result of this, most of the Australian cities in the northern part enjoy a tropical type of climate and those in the southern part enjoy a temperate climate. The northern cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide experience a temperature of 41ºC during summers. In most of the Australian cities winter is cool with temperatures ranging from 8ºC to 5ºC. There is not much of snowfall in any of the Australian cities and all of them have a considerable amount of rainfall.
Most of the Australian cities have an excellent combination of city and state run rail services. The railway network is very extensive in all major Australian cities, for instance, the cities of Adelaide-Sydney-Perth are connected by the Indian Pacific rail network. Australian cities also have a well-developed road network comprising of state highways, federal highways and local roads. Australia also has a well-developed air transport which connects the major Australian cities. The main airports of Australia are Hobart International Airport, Gold Coast Airport, Perth Airport, Melbourne Airport, Brisbane Airport, Canberra International Airport and Kingsford Smith International Airport.
Australia has a huge variety of tourist attractions in all major Australian cities. Places like Sydney Opera House and Harbor Bridge have become synonymous with the Australian continent. Adelaide has an extensive variety of beaches where one may go for whale-watching or for different sea-sports. Some of the major attractions of Australian cities include:
- Great Barrier Reef
- Kata Tjute
- Kangaroo Island
- Purnululu National Park
- Fraser Island
- Blue Mountains
The Australian cities are the most rapidly developing cities in the entire world and have a stable financial growth. Most of the Australian cities offer an excellent option for fun and adventure and one has lots to explore in these cities of Australia.